You can't go wrong with SweetiePie's recommendation. The Arizona Biltmore is a classic. Stunning Frank Lloyd Wright architecture. Its in North Central Phoenix not far, maybe 10 minutes, from the airport. As it is just 5 miles from where I live I've played both golf courses at the resort many times. The Links, IMO, is a more interesting course than the Adobe. Both are fine resort courses.
Here's a link to 5 other great choices, some out in the desert, some in town. More challenging golf at the Boulders and Troon North resorts.
Best golf resorts in Phoenix/Scottsdale, Arizona